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Elmi Spektr Tyutorluq Proqramı (ESTP) Azərbaycanda oxuyan tələbələrin elmin müxtəlif sahələri üzrə praktiki təcrübə qazanmaları üçün yaradılmış proqramdır. Proqram çərçivəsində müvafiq sahələr üzrə mütəxəssislər tələbələrlə birlikdə 3 aylıq layihələr həyata keçirir.

Məlumat kitabçaları

Elm, elm tarixi, fəlsəfəsi, təhsili ilə bağlı səni maraqlandıran, narahat edən sualın varsa onu buradan bizə ünvanlaya bilərsən, yoldaş oxucu. 

Başqaları Yazırlar »

Getting hold of the right equipment can be costly, so here’s a primer for cash-strapped principal investigators.
Koronavirus böhranı və iqlim dəyişikliyi su çatışmazlığı problemini daha aşkar edir. Məqalə Kür çayı çərçivəsində su çatışmazlığının gender təsirini araşdırır.
Far from being profoundly destructive, we humans have deep capacities for sharing resources with generosity and foresight

Akademik İcmallar »

Inequality is one of the main drivers of social tension. We show striking similarities between patterns of inequality between species abundances in nature and wealth in society. We demonstrate that in the absence of equalizing forces, such large inequality will arise from chance alone. While natural enemies have an equalizing effect in nature, inequality in societies can be suppressed by wealth-equalizing institutions. However, over the past millennium, such institutions have been weakened during periods of societal upscaling. Our analysis suggests that due to the very same mathematical principle that rules natural communities (indeed, a “law of nature”) extreme wealth inequality is inevitable in a globalizing world unless effective wealth-equalizing institutions are installed on a global scale.
Maarten P. Scholl, Anisoara Calinescu, and J. Doyne Farmer, 2021
We develop the mathematical analogy between financial trading strategies and biological species and show how to apply standard concepts from ecology to financial markets. We analyze the interactions of stereotypical trading strategies in ecological terms, showing that they can be competitive, predator–prey, or mutualistic, depending on the wealth invested in each strategy. The deterministic dynamics suggest that the system should evolve toward an efficient state where all strategies make the same average returns. However, this happens slowly and the evolution is so noisy that there are large fluctuations away from the efficient state, causing bursts of volatility and extended periods where prices deviate from fundamental values. This provides a conceptual framework that gives insight into the reasons why markets malfunction.
Paramecium is a unicellular organism that swims in fresh water by beating thousands of cilia. When it is stimulated (mechanically, chemically, optically, thermally…), it often swims backward then turns and swims forward again. This “avoiding reaction” is triggered by a calcium-based action potential. For this reason, some authors have called Paramecium a “swimming neuron.” This review summarizes current knowledge about the physiological basis of behavior of Paramecium.

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